Birth Injury - Shoulder Dystocia Using Vacuum Extractor Delivery - Medical Illustration, Human Anatomy Drawing, Anatomy Illustration



or
Search Language
Browse
Medical Illustrations
Medical Exhibits
Most Recent Uploads
Body Systems/Regions
Anatomy & Physiology
Cells & Tissues
Abdomen
Back and Spine
Foot and Ankle
Hand and Wrist
Head and Neck
Hip
Knee
Shoulder
Thorax
Medical Specialties
Anesthesiology
Cancer
Cardiology
Dentistry
Emergency Medicine
Gastroenterology
Infectious Diseases
Neurology/Neurosurgery
Nursing Home
Ob/Gyn
Orthopedics
Pathology
Pediatrics
Personal Injury
Plastic Surgery
Psychiatry
Radiology
Surgery
Urology/Nephrology
Account
Administrator Login

Birth Injury - Shoulder Dystocia Using Vacuum Extractor Delivery - Medical Illustration, Human Anatomy Drawing

 

Need Additional Information?

Item #exhR0032b — Source #1048

Order by phone: 954-522-2828

Birth Injury - Shoulder Dystocia Using Vacuum Extractor Delivery - Medical Illustration, Human Anatomy Drawing
This medical illustration shows shoulder dystocia brachial plexus injury occuring during a vacuum extractor delivery procedure. During this birth injury event, the baby\'s left shoulder becomes entrapped behind the mothers\' pubic symphysis and pubic ramus bones.
What is a Brachial Plexus Injury?rnThe brachial plexus is a network of nerves that conducts signals from the spine to the shoulder, arm, and hand. Brachial plexus injuries are caused by damage to those nerves. Symptoms may include a limp or paralyzed arm, lack of muscle control in the arm, hand, or wrist, and lack of feeling or sensation in the arm or hand. Although injuries can occur at any time, many brachial plexus injuries happen during birth: the baby’s shoulders may become impacted during the birth process causing the brachial plexus nerves to stretch or tear. There are four types of brachial plexus injuries: avulsion, the most severe type, in which the nerve is torn from the spine; rupture, in which the nerve is torn but not at the spinal attachment; neuroma, in which the nerve has tried to heal itself but scar tissue has grown around the injury, putting pressure on the injured nerve and preventing the nerve from conducting signals to the muscles; and neuropraxia or stretch, in which the nerve has been damaged but not torn. Neuropraxia is the most common type of brachial plexus injury.rnrnIs there any treatment?rnSome brachial plexus injuries may heal without treatment. Many children improve or recover by 3 to 4 months of age. Treatment for brachial plexus injuries includes occupational or physical therapy and, in some cases, surgery.rnrnWhat is the prognosis?rnThe site and type of brachial plexus injury determine the prognosis. For avulsion and rupture injuries there is no potential for recovery unless surgical reconnection is made in a timely manner. For neuroma and neuropraxia injuries the potential for recovery varies. Most patients with neuropraxia injuries recover spontaneously with a 90-100% return of function.rnrnWhat research is being done?rnThe NINDS conducts and supports research on injuries to organs and networks within the nervous system, such as the brachial plexus. Much of this research is aimed at finding ways to prevent and treat these disorders.

YOU MAY ALSO WANT TO REVIEW THESE ITEMS:
Birth Injury - Shoulder Dystocia Using Vacuum Extractor Delivery
Birth Injury - Shoulder Dystocia Using Vacuum Extractor Delivery - exhR0032b-nl
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Shoulder Dystocia Using Vacuum Extractor
Shoulder Dystocia Using Vacuum Extractor - exhR0032
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Attempted Delivery Using Vacuum Extractor and Forceps with Brachial Plexus Injury
Attempted Delivery Using Vacuum Extractor and Forceps with Brachial Plexus Injury - exh5188c
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Birth Trauma - Vacuum Extractor Delivery with Head Injury
Birth Trauma - Vacuum Extractor Delivery with Head Injury - exh43700a
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Birth Trauma - Vacuum Extractor Delivery with Head Injury
Birth Trauma - Vacuum Extractor Delivery with Head Injury - exh60202b
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
Vacuum Assisted Delivery with Resulting Shoulder Dystocia and Brachial Plexus Injury
Vacuum Assisted Delivery with Resulting Shoulder Dystocia and Brachial Plexus Injury - exh51675
Medical Exhibit
Add to my lightbox
Find More Like This
This exhibit is available in these languages: